By kindly permission of Dr. J. Reichwein.
Blonde d´Aquitaine - Origin and Source of the breed
In the South-West of France, between Bordaux and Toulouse, three breeds were at home since the Middle-Ages: in Aquitaine,
around the river Garonne the broad framed "Garonaise de plaine", in the hill country the "Garonaise de coteau" and in the
Pyrenees the middle framed Blonde de Pyrenees", which is adapted to mountainous terrains. In the vicinity of Toulouse a
middle framed, compact breed was at home, the "Blonde de Quercy". These were typical "three use breeds" (milk, meat,
Blonde d´Aquitaine - the spreading of the breed.
Emanating from the southwest of France where today 550.000 Blonde beef cattle, the breed spread over all over Europe, as well as South America, due to its high heat resistance. In Europe, the first to take over the breed were the economically minded Dutch. In Germany just under 1200 stud book beef cattle are being kept in Northrhein-Westfalia and Hesse.
Blonde d´Aquitaine - breed typical traits.
Blonde dŽAquitaine cattle, with its bright yellow to wheat color, it's short hair, the fair areas around the eyes and it's
planum nasolabiale is one of the broad framed beef cattle breeds. The unpigmented mucosa appears pink.
The breed stands out for its body length and rectangular form. As a pure beef breed all meat carrying body parts like
haunch, back and shoulders are very well developed.
Blonde d´Aquitaine - husbandry.
The keeping of the Blonde d'Aquitaine is without difficulty. The beef cattle herd is calm and adaptable concerning feed and
climate. This permits extensive husbandry with pastures in the summer and hay or grassilage in the winter. The enormous
potential for growth of the breed evidences itself wit intensive feeding. Daily weight gains of up to 2 kg with bullocks
are possible offhand.
Blonde d´Aquitaine - breeding qualities.
Longevity, fertility and good mother qualities guarantee high productivity. First calving age averages at 2,5 years. Pure
production farms have their heifers give birth at 2, by inseminating them with semen from bulls which have been tested for
Blonde d´Aquitaine - marketing of the breed.
The breed is suited for all forms of production:
When kept in pasture with the beef cattle, calves can weigh up to 380 kg in 8 months. With intensive fattening they reach a
live weight of 600 to 700 kg in 14 to 16 months.
Blonde d´Aquitaine - beef quality
Blonde dŽAquitaine beef has been known for it's fibrousness since its beginning. Despite a minimal percentage of surface
fat the inner muscular fat storage is very good, which results in a great taste.
Blonde d´Aquitaine - cross breeding
The Blonde bull is employed to improve the beef production and quality of other, predominantly precocious beef breeds or in
milk herds, either through artificial insemination or using stud bulls. This increases daily weight gain, the final weight
and exploitation by 4 to 8 percent, thereby raising the productivity of the business.